Second phase. Bulk of the project work.

 

Detailed engineering. Design and engineering optimization happens here. 3D CAD modeling, engineering calculations, CAE simulations, and detailed manufacturing studies are some of the common tools used to perfect your product’s design before spending money on physical prototypes.

This is clearly seen in the process of creating cabs for various machines. The strength of the cab frame should ensure human safety. We verify this requirement on 3-D models of our projects using finite element analysis programs. This significantly reduces the costs of for the safety certification of our cabins.

 

 

Sometimes there is a need for in-kind research and they can lead to not-so-obvious conclusions. Such conclusions can return the design process to the first phase. A similar situation was with our electric heater project. The customer requested the design of a flat low-temperature electric heating panel and provided a natural prototype for research. The study of this prototype showed us that this electric heater is very inefficient and traumatic (the temperature of the outer surface is more than 100 °C). We designed a convection electric heater using the same heating element as in the prototype. We found out that our device consumes 2 times less electricity to heat the same room as the prototype. An attempt to use forced ventilation of our heater reduced its performance (the ratio of the temperature of the heating element, the cross section and the length of the air channels, the shape of the device correlates very well). Thus, instead of a decorative, bulky radiating thermal panel, an efficient compact convector electric heater of a very simple design (7 standard parts widely available on the market) was created. The product concept has been changed through practical research at the engineering stage.

Often full-scale modeling can be useful for clarifying ergonomic issues. Sometimes these studies make changes to the design of a future product. Taking into account ergonomic recommendations and requirements when designing components of a functional-spatial environment allows one to avoid a number of errors and subjectivity, especially in those moments that relate to the dimensional parameters of design objects and the psychophysiological effect of environmental factors on humans.

Design studies can be thought of as “mental simulations” to catch difficult design issues, just like a filter is necessary to catch contaminants in water even if it “looks clean”. This is why design studies should incorporate as many factors as possible, even if they seem trivial.

The second stage of the design is completed the creation of photographic images, and if necessary, videos, allowing the customer to imagine its future product in all aspects and nuances of the form (see the section of our site "gallery").